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5 Common Conditions Treated With Physiotherapy

February 28th, 2024

Physiotherapy can be applied to a wide range of health concerns. While the specific treatments and approaches used will vary depending on each individual’s situation and needs, here are some common health conditions that can be treated by physiotherapy.

1. Musculoskeletal conditions

Physiotherapy is frequently used to address musculoskeletal issues, including:

  • Sprains, strains and fractures
  • Back and neck pain
  • Arthritis
  • Tendonitis/ Calcific Tendinopathy 
  • Ligament injuries 
  • Muscle imbalances
  • Postural problems
  • Whiplash

Additionally, physiotherapy is a crucial element in rehabilitating affected areas following orthopedic surgery.  

When it comes to musculoskeletal conditions, a physical therapy program can help reduce related pain, improve joint and muscle functionality, enhance mobility and support overall well-being.

2. Neurological conditions

Physiotherapy can assist individuals with neurological disorders and conditions, such as:

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Parkinson’s disease
  • Spinal cord injuries
  • Traumatic brain injuries 
  • Peripheral nerve injuries
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Stroke
  • Vertigo/Concussion

To improve their patient’s functional abilities, mobility, and overall quality of life, a physical therapist can prescribe exercises and activities targeting specific impairments and limitations. They can also offer gait and balance training, range of motion exercises, strength training exercises and fall prevention strategies. 

3. Respiratory conditions

Physiotherapy techniques can be employed to manage and improve respiratory function in individuals with conditions such as:

  • Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 
  • Asthma
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Post-operative respiratory complications

When treating respiratory issues, physiotherapists can teach airway clearance and energy conservation techniques, prescribe exercises to strengthen respiratory muscles and offer advice and assistance with posture and positioning.

4. Cardiovascular conditions

Physiotherapy can be an essential component of a cardiac rehabilitation plan. Plus, it can help with managing cardiovascular conditions like:

  • Heart attacks 
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Heart failure
  • Peripheral artery disease

Among other things, a physiotherapist can prescribe a safe workout regimen that includes cardiovascular, strength and flexibility-enhancing exercises that support a healthy heart. They can also educate their patients on risk factor management strategies and lifestyle modifications that will keep their tickers in top shape. 

5. Women’s health issues

Physiotherapy can provide relief for a wide range of women’s health concerns, including:

  • Pelvic floor dysfunction
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Pre- and post-natal care 
  • Menopause-related concerns
  • Pelvic pain
  • Pre- and post-gynecological care
  • Diastasis recti (abdominal separation)

The therapies used to address a woman’s health issues will vary depending on her situation and needs. A personalized physiotherapy treatment plan may include manual therapy, relaxation exercises and education on pain management strategies.

It’s important to note this list isn’t exhaustive, and physical therapy can benefit individuals with numerous other conditions. 

Physiotherapy in Metro Vancouver

If you need help with a specific health condition or concern, it’s best to consult a physiotherapist who can evaluate your situation and develop an appropriate treatment plan tailored to your needs. Be sure to check your insurance for treatment coverage. In Metro Vancouver, you can rely on Legacies Health Centre locations to provide you with the quality care you require. We have locations in Surrey Southpoint, Surrey Nordel, Burnaby and North Vancouver. To learn more about us or schedule a consultation, contact us today.

Urvi Panchal | Physiotherapist

Urvi brings over 12 years’ experience and has expertise assisting individuals who have been involved in car accident, have work-related injuries, needs rehabilitation pre and post-surgery, and/or needs support to recover from musculoskeletal or neurological conditions. She is certified in Dry Needling, and is trained for kineso taping, shockwave therapyvestibular rehabilitation, joint mobilization, soft tissue release, temporomandibular joint pain management, and more.